What was the purpose and impact of the 1862 Pacific Railway Act?
The Pacific Railway Act, which became law on July 1, 1862, offered government incentives to assist “men of talent, men of character, men who are willing to invest” in developing the nation’s first transcontinental rail line.
Who started the Pacific Railway Act?
President Abraham Lincoln
The Pacific Railway Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on July 1, 1862. This act provided Federal government support for the building of the first transcontinental railroad, which was completed on May 10, 1869.
What are two effects of the Pacific Railway Act?
Congress responded with the Pacific Railway Act of 1864. The government increased the land grants from 10 to 20 miles, issued loan money faster, and allowed the companies to keep any timber or minerals, such as coal, found during construction.
Why did President Abraham Lincoln approve the Pacific Railway Act of 1862?
In Lincoln’s mind, the railroad was part of the Civil War effort. The new line would support communities and military outposts on the frontier. It would give settlers safe and dependable passage west. And most importantly, it would tie new states California and Oregon to the rest of the country.
How did the Pacific Railway Act affect natives?
The Transcontinental Railroad dramatically altered ecosystems. For instance, it brought thousands of hunters who killed the bison Native people relied on. The Cheyenne experience was different. The railroad disrupted intertribal trade on the Plains, and thereby broke a core aspect of Cheyenne economic life.
Why was the Pacific Railway important?
The CPR played a major role in the promotion of tourism and immigration, as well as Canada’s war efforts and through the years, the railway grew and diversified to include steamships, hotels, airlines, mining, oil and gas exploration, delivery and telecommunications companies.
Who did the Pacific Railway Act help?
Act of 1862, and amended 1864–65
The original 1862 Act’s long title was An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes.
What was the impact of the Pacific Railroad Act quizlet?
Passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of acres of western lands to state governments in order to fund state agricultural colleges. 1886 – Stated that individual states could control trade in their states, but could not regulate railroads coming through them.